Expertiseportaal van de Hogeschool Gent


Optimization of hemp fibers quality for textile applications through an integrated chain approach

Output: Bijdrage voor congresPoster

Until the beginning of the 20th century, hemp was commonly used as a fiber crop but was then substituted by wood pulp, cotton and synthetic fibers. In many industrialized countries, there is a renewed interest for hemp because of its environmentally friendly cultivation, sustainable processing and versatile applications.
In Europe, hemp fibers are mainly used for pulp an paper industry, building, biocomposites, technical textiles, animal bedding, pellets, etc. According to Chanve Wallon, in 2014 there were about 289 ha hemp cultivated in Belgium of which about 250 ha in Wallonia but the fibers were not used for textile applications.
In Flanders, farmers are interested in extending the cultivated hemp area and spinning, weaving and clothing companies are keen to use locally grown hemp. Specialized processors, able to develop high-quality hemp fiber for textile applications, disappeared or no longer dispose of the appropriate equipment. Nevertheless, technology developed and employed for flax may offer opportunities for hemp processing. An integrated approach is needed and knowledge should be rebuilt and updated along the entire hemp value chain starting from upstream (i.e. cultivars, optimal sowing and harvesting), midstream (i.e. retting, extraction) to downstream (i.e. spinning, weaving, dying, finishing, clothing).
Originele taalEngels
StatusGepubliceerd - 8-jun-2017

ID: 17394157