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Research methodologies for research into one‐to ‐one tuition

Output: Contribution to conferencePaper


  • Helena Gaunt
  • Ruth Rondas
In classical music 1-to-1 tuition has been at the heart of instrumental teaching for several centuries, traditionally conceptualised in terms of apprenticeship (Hallam 1998; gaunt 2011). Research in this area has, however, been relatively scarce, not least because it poses significant ethical issues. Teachers, for example, have often been anxious about research disrupting the intimacy and intensity of student‐teacher interactions. nevertheless, the last decade or so has seen considerable growth of research into 1-to-1 tuition (for example burwell 2006; Creech 2009; gaunt 2008, 2010; Hanken 2001; Jorgensen 2000; Kennell 2002). The contribution of research in this area is much needed, both to inform practice and to underpin policy regarding delivery of music education.
studies undertaken in the last few years have used diverse methodologies and in many cases have been methodologically innovative (see for example burt‐Perkins forthcoming; Creech and Hallam 2006; Heikinheimo 2010; James, Wise et al forthcoming; smith 2010). These include, for example, tools for detailed observational analysis of both verbal and non‐verbal interactions in lessons, and innovative tools for stimulating subjective reflection on tuition such as drawing exercises. As research develops further it is therefore particularly important at this moment to consider these methodological developments, their potential and limitations and the particular ethical and practical issues they raise.
This paper presents an overview and critical analysis of methodologies adopted in 12 recent studies. These are being gathered in a special edition of scientia Paedagogica Experimentalis, to be published in late 2012, and come from 6 countries across the world. The paper will compare methodologies in terms of types of insight, sample size, ethical issues and practical issues of implementation. It will go on to consider implications for the future.
Original languageEnglish
StatePublished - 22-Nov-2012

ID: 10180502